Space Junk Tracking
WOLFSPEED GAN DEVICES TO SUPPORT DRAMATIC IMPROVEMENT IN SPACE JUNK TRACKING
Wolfspeed, a leading global supplier of GaN-on-SiC high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) and monolithic microwave integrated circuits (MMICs) with best-in-class reliability, has partnered with Lockheed Martin to provide GaN high power amplifiers (HPAs) for the U.S. Air Force’s Space Fence, which will significantly improve the timeliness with which operators can detect space events that could potentially threaten GPS satellites or the International Space Station.
Scheduled to go online from Kwajalein Atoll in the Marshall Islands in 2018, Space Fence will accurately track the estimated 500,000 objects — such as spent rocket boosters, stray hardware, and other debris — that are floating in the same space as the satellites that so much modern technology depends on. Developed by Lockheed Martin in partnership with Space Military Command and the U.S. Air Force Life Cycle Management Center/Space Command Control and Surveillance Division, Space Fence incorporates a scalable, solid-state S-Band radar with a high wavelength frequency that is capable of detecting much smaller objects than the current system, and will thus improve accuracy, quicken response time, and expand surveillance coverage.
Having completed the critical design review and begun construction, Lockheed Martin’s Space Fence team is currently focused on the production of technology that will bring the system online, and has recently reached a major design milestone by confirming the long-term reliability of Wolfspeed’s GaN HPA technology, which is integral to meeting the project’s efficiency and availability requirements and will allow Space Fence to track 10 times more space junk than the current system. After more than 5,000 hours (or nearly seven months) of accelerated stress testing, Lockheed Martin has demonstrated greater than 99% confidence that the Wolfspeed’s GaN HPAs will meet the long-term reliability goals for the Space Fence program.
In addition, Wolfspeed also offers a variety of catalogue S-Band GaN radar devices, such as the CMPA2735075F, which is a two-stage GaN HEMT high power MMIC amplifier that provides saturated RF output power of 75W over 2.7–3.5GHz with power gain of 20dB in a small package (0.5” x 0.5”), and was the first S-Band GaN HEMT MMIC on the market to offer 60% typical PAE with RF pulse widths of 300µs and a 20% duty cycle.